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Back Testing

A strategy that is used to test strategies based on historical data.

Bar Chart

A graphic depiction of buyers and sellers on a chart.

Basing

A term used describe when the price action is “catching its breath” after a big upside or downside move.

Bear

A person that believes the prices are going to decrease.

Bull

A person that believes that the prices are going to increase.

Bear market

A long period of time when prices in the market are generally declining. It is often measured by a percentage decline of more than 20%.

Bull market

A prolonged period of time where the prices are increasing.

Bear trap

A situation where the prices usually “fake” out the longs into going short then push it back on them.

Bearish Divergence

A situation when price records a higher high and the indicator forms a lower high. The indicator does not confirm the higher high in prices and this could foreshadow a reversal.

Bid

The price at which the market maker guarantees to fill a sell order. A sell order placed at the market will usually be filled at the current bid price.

Block

A purchase or sale of a large number of shares or $ amount. 10,000 or more shares, or any quantity worth over $200,000 is generally considered a block.

Blue chip stock

A publicly traded company that is said to be in good financial standings and produce consistent profits.

Breakout

The price has moved above or below a trading range.

Bull Trap

A situation that occurs when prices break above a significant level and generate a buy signal, but fails the breakout and stops longs.

Bullish Divergence

A situation when price records a lower low and the indicator forms a higher low. The indicator does not confirm the lower low in prices and this could foreshadow a reversal.

Buy Signal

A condition that has met all outstanding criteria creating a “buy signal”.

Buyback

The repurchase of a company’s own shares of stock.

Buying on Margin

A strategy where a buyer borrows money from a broker to make an investment.

Bollinger bands

Bollinger bands are a popular form of technical price indicator that uses an upper and lower band to monitor price action and direction. They were developed by John Bollinger

Brent crude

Sweet oil as it is also referred to as. Is the most expensive of the refined crude blend.

Bullish engulfing

When the previous candle’s body is smaller than the following candle. Bullish pattern. Usually found at the bottom of a trend for reversal.

Bearish engulfing

When the current candle is larger than the body of the previous one. Bearish signal. Usually found at the top of a trend for reversal.

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