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A moving average that gives equal weight to each day’s price data. The most commonly used of all moving averages.

Shooting star

A bearish reversal candlestick pattern. Looks like a shortened inverted hammer.

Stochastic oscillator

A momentum indicator used to measure the high and low ranges of a set period of time.


Filtering securities by using defined parameters.


A strategy used to enter and exit positions. Personal setup criteria varies with each individual.


A group of companies that generate revenue in similar ways, and tend to rise and fall with the economic cycle.


Common stock.

Sell signal

When your reason for entering a trade is nullified thus causing the trend to change.


A method used by market makers to force buyers or sellers to exit their positions.

Short selling

Selling an asset that you do not currently own, in the hope that it will decrease in value and you can close the trade for a profit. It is also known as shorting.

Signal line

Also, known as a trigger line, used with most indicators.


The number of shares in possession at any time.


The rise-over-run of an invisible line that is the “best fit” line through the previous n data points.

Spinning top

Candlestick lines that have small bodies with upper and lower shadows that exceed the length of the body. Spinning tops signal indecision.

Stop loss

A defined risk point set on an open position.

Swing trading

A position that is held for a period of time, could be days or weeks.


The act of entering and exiting a position within a smaller timeframe for smaller, quicker gains.


When an executed price is not the amount that was intended.


The difference in price between the bid and ask prices.


An area or zone that have held the price action in the past.


When a chart moves without hesitation and little pullbacks are seen.

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